Malware is a specially designed software that is intentionally and deliberately created for the ultimate purpose of effecting damages to a computer, computer network, server, or client and also for stealing data, encrypting and deleting of sensitive data of an individual or government’s top-secret files, altering and hijacking of core computer functions and for spying on user’s computer activities.
In other words, malware is an assembled malicious software encoded and programmed for the intent of damaging devices and causing a mess on a computer. Any program that secretly acts against the interest of the computer and the user is assumed to be a malware. Meanwhile, there is a clear difference between software and programs that cause unintentional arms and damages to a computer and software that intentionally and deliberately causes damages to a computer. Software that causes any unintentional arm to a computer is called a software bug and not malware. Know that malware is often created by a team of dark hackers who intentionally create and spread malware by all means for the sole aim of making money or profit.
Types of Malware
Spyware: As the first syllable in the name implies. Spyware is malware designed to spy on your computer at large and all the data on it. It works underground on a stealth mode and hides in the background of your computer as it takes to record all your activities on your computer including your password, credit card numbers, social media login details, your banking app details, SSN, and all other details on your computer system. It tracks and spies on your activities from time to time on your computer.
Ransomware: From the meaning of Ransom, Ransomware is that malware that locks down your computer and your files and threatens to erase all your data unless you pay a Ransom. It infects a computer system and encrypts the data on it then Ransom is asked to be paid to the cybercriminals and dark hackers in charge of the malware.
Virus: A virus is the most popular type of malware. You can easily come across viruses through some normal activities and means like transfer of files from an already infected computer, using an infected flash drive or external hard disk. You can also get your computer infected with a virus by visiting some harmful websites. This type of malware is capable of spreading itself without any human communication or control from the Malware author or hacker. It self replicates and damages other programs data and files.
Trojan: Trojan is a type of Malware that appears with a dubious interface like real and genuine software. It can be attached to a real and original software that had been tampered with by a dark hacker or malware author who had hidden the malware in it. Trojan works in a stealth mode that is on the computer system underground and also creates loopholes in your computer security for other malware to come in.
How To Avoid Malware
Malware can be avoided through some careful means and cautious procedures.
Use of anti-malware/ anti-virus software
Anti-malware/Anti-virus software is computer software that’s programmed and designed to detect and eliminate computer malware/viruses and also to protect the computer system from any malware/virus threat and invasion. The use of anti-malware/anti-virus software helps your computer to run a time to time check on malware/viruses by scanning through your computer system hence blocking and removing any detected malware/viruses and threats. Anti-malware/Anti-virus software is designed in a systematic way that makes it operates like malware/viruses itself. The software hooks deep into the computer’s operating system and then establishes a checkpoint at every place in the system where malware/viruses might want to come in through. Whenever the operating system accesses a file from any source, the anti-malware/anti-virus software runs a quick check by scanning through the files then look for available malware/viruses. If any malware/viruses are found it will be dealt with immediately and the operation of such an infected file would be stopped. Anti-malware/Anti-virus software is a 24/7 standby protection.
Preventing malware with smart online behaviors
You can also prevent malware from affecting your computer system through cautious and smart behaviors online. When surfing the internet be very cautious of sites you visit. Some sites are highly infected with a virus and are unsafe to visit. Don’t download files from untrusted sites and don’t download files that are not original. Many people tend to download malware-infected files because they cannot purchase original files on the file actual website therefore, they go about looking for a copy or hacked version which might have been infected or attached with malware by dark hackers.
Keep your software up to date
Always make sure your computer software is up to date. Update your computer software regularly. It will help you in avoiding malware on your computer system
Remove malware with the right software
When getting rid of your computer malware endeavors to use the right software in doing that. Sometimes people cause more harm to their computers by using the wrong software in removing malware on their computer system which will later result in a catastrophic end and cause more damage to the operating system of the computer. All these will result in a compulsory need to format your computer and lose all files and software.